Samarkand is one of the oldest Uzbek cities. This city was founded during the middle of the first century BC , formerly named as Marakanda and later known as Afrosiab. It was the capital of the powerful 'State God' - Emir Timur. Most of the monuments of Samarkand was build by Timur and his grandson Ulugbek.
Kalta Minor Minaret, Uzbekistan. Just south of the Kuhna Ark stands the fat, turquoise-tiled Kalta Minor Minaret. This unfinished minaret was begun in 1851 by Mohammed Amin Khan, who according to legend wanted to build a minaret so high he could see all the way to Bukhara. Had it been completed it surely would have been the world's tallest building, but the Khan dropped dead in 1855 and it was never completed.