Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton (1821-1912), was a pioneer nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She also worked as a teacher, patent clerk, and humanitarian. At a time when relatively few women worked outside the home, Barton built a career helping others. She was never married but had a relationship with John J. Elwell. During the end of the American Civil War, Barton worked at a hospital she made helping the people at the Anderson prison camp where at least 13,000 people died.

Clara Barton b. 1821 d. 1912 Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was a pioneer nurse who founded the American Red Cross. In addition to being a nurse, she worked as a teacher, patent clerk, and humanitarian.

Social reformer, and founder of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton, was born Dec. 25, 1821.

American Civil War Fashion - Social reformer, and founder of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton, was born Dec.

How to Make a Nurses Hat- Clara Barton

How to Make a Nurse's Hat

Clara Barton, Civil War nurse and founder of the Red Cross.                                                                                                                                                                                 More

It was not "a light thing.to pick up a shattered arm to bind & sling it & find the other suddenly thrown across your neck in recognition. Oh what a place, to meet an old-time friend

Clara Barton - Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was a pioneer nurse who founded the American Red Cross. In addition to being a hospital nurse, she worked as a teacher, patent clerk, and humanitarian

jpg She was known as the "Angel on the Battlefield." Her work in the Civil War was great, but she is also known for founding the American Red Cross.

Author Jocelyn Green celebrates the life of the most famous nurse of the Civil War, Clara Barton, over on her blog:

Miss Clara Barton, circa 1865 (photo by Mathew Brady): Battlefield nurse at Antietam (and founder of the Red Cross)

Clara Barton (1821-1912) - Civil War nurse, founder of the American Red Cross

Clara Barton - Civil War nurse, founder of American Red Cross. Image donated by Corbis - Bettman

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