Asylum judges, loan officers, and baseball umpires act consistent with the gambler's fallacy. They are -more likely to deny (grant) asylum/loans/calls after granting (denying) asylum/loans/calls in the previous instance.
"Sympathetic magic and perceptions of randomness: The hot hand versus the gambler’s fallacy" by Christopher J. R. Roney & Lana M. Trick. This journal article from the quarterly "Thinking & Reasoning" debunks the gambler's fallacy by showing that independent events are truly independent.
Gamblers appear to behave as though they believe in the gambler's fallacy, that winning or losing a bunch of bets in a row means that the next bet is more likely to go the other way. Their reactions to that belief — with winners taking safer bets thinking they're going to lose and losers taking long-shot bets believing their luck is about to change — lead to the opposite effect of making the streaks longer…
The "gambler's falacy" -- the mistaken belief that a small sequence of events will look like a bigger one -- leads to unfairness for immigrants, bank loan applicants, baseball batters and probably a lot of other people.
Many Faces of the Gambler's Fallacy : Subjective Randomness and Its Diverse Manifestations (Paperback)