A popular scientific toy in Victorian times Zoetropes (Greek: 'wheel of life) show an animated series of images when spun. I've made these in primary schools.
paparazzi cut outs!
MechaniCards Brad Litwin of Philadelphia creates miniature, hand-operated sculptures composed of paperboard that he calls MechaniCards. In addition to the paperboard, each card has wood, plastic, or metal elements that are integral to the movement.
dickbalzer: Phenakistascope - Paris, France - c.
dickbalzer: “Phenakistoscope - England - 1833 - Published by Thomas McLain, London ”