The Seikilos marble stele, with poetry and musical notation. The Seikilos epitaph is a Hellenistic Ionic song in Phrygian octave species and the oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world. The melody is recorded, alongside the lyrics, in the ancient Greek musical notation, The find has been dated variously from around 200 BC to around AD 100, but the first century AD is the most probable guess.
Kithara A reconstruction of the ancient Greek stringed instrument. It was associated with the god Apollo, regarded as the most gifted player of the instument and patron of musicians. (Museum of Ancient Greek Musical Instruments, Katakolon, Greece).