Eleanor of Aquitaine – She was Duchess of Aquitaine, queen of France and of England. Mother of the kings Richard The Lionheart and John Lackland. One of the most powerful women of her time, also called "Queen of Troubadours": she patronized poets, musicians and artists at her "Court of love" in Poitiers. She went on a crusade with her 1st husband, was imprisoned for 16 years by her 2nd husband and ruled England while her son Richard went off on a crusade. On 1 April 1204 she died aged 82.