"My Family Roots"
Afro-Nicaraguans. Nicaragua has the largest population of African descent in Central America and approximately two-thirds of that group resides in and around Bluefields. The city at the mouth of the Escondido River and the Caribbean Sea, Bluefields is home to a large Black settlement on the east coast of Nicaragua and is strongly associated with Black Creole culture.
Many tribes inhabited Nicaragua, the northern part of the country was by the Sumo Amerindians, the eastern by the Miskitos, and the region around Lakes Nicaragua and Managua by other tribes. The first Spanish settlement was made by a conquistador, Gil González de Ávilan, in 1522. Over the next 300 years, Nicaragua was ruled by the captaincy general in Guatemala and in September 15, 1821 it gained independence